Tuesday, April 25, 2017

LtT & ST gains from PMS transactions taxable as business profits (ITAT Delhi)

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M/s. Radials International vs. ACIT (ITAT Delhi)

Long-term & short-term gains from PMS transactions taxable as business profits

The assessee offered LTCG & STCG on sale of shares which had arisen through a Portfolio Management Scheme of Kotak and Reliance. The investments were shown under the head "investments" in the accounts and were made out of surplus funds. Delivery of the shares was taken. The AO & CIT (A) held that as the transactions by the PMS manager were frequent and the holding period was short, the LTCG & STCG were assessable as business profits. On appeal by the assessee, HELD dismissing the appeal:

In a Portfolio Management Scheme, the choice of securities and its period of holding is left to the portfolio manager and the assessee has no control. Only the portfolio manager can deal with the Demat account of the assessee. While, at the time of depositing the amount, the assessee will make entry in his books of account as investment in PMS, he is not aware of the transactions in the shares being entered into by the portfolio manager on his behalf as his agent. Since the assessee comes to know about the purchase and sale of shares under PMS after the expiry of the quarter, the accounting treatment in the books of the assessee in respect of shares purchased/sold by the portfolio manager under PMS cannot be entered in the books of the assessee. It is at the end of the year the shares available in the DEMAT account can be entered. Therefore, at the time of deposit of amount, the intention of the assessee was to maximize the profit. As the purchase and sale of shares under PMS is not in the control of the assessee at all, it cannot be said that the assessee had invested money under PMS with intention to hold shares as investment. The portfolio manager carried out trading in shares on behalf of his clients to maximize the profits. Therefore, it cannot be said that shares were held by the assessee as investment. The fact that the transactions were frequent and its volume was high indicated that the portfolio manager had done trading on behalf of the assessee. The fact that the shares remaining at the end of the year were shown under the head `investment' makes no difference. Even the LTCG is assessable as business profits and s. 10(38) exemption is not available. The fact that the AO took a contrary view in the preceding year is irrelevant. There is no difference between similar transactions carried out by an individual in shares and the transactions carried out by portfolio manager. There is, however, a difference between investment in a mutual fund and PMS.

Note: See the contrary view in Radha Birju Patel (Mum) ARA Trading & Investments (Pune). See also KRA Holding & Trading (Pune) & Homi K. Bhabha (Mum)

Related Judgements
ARA Trading & Investments Pvt Ltd vs. DCIT (ITAT Pune) On facts, as the assessee had engaged a portfolio manager to look after its' investments and all decisions to buy and sell were taken by the portfolio manager and not by the asessee, the assessee cannot be called a "dealer"
ITO vs. Radha Birju Patel (ITAT Mumbai) Transactions carried out via Portfolio Management Scheme are clearly in the nature of transactions meant for maximization of wealth rather encashing the profits on appreciation in value of shares. The very nature of Portfolio Management Scheme is such that the investments made by the assessee are protected and enhanced…
ACIT vs. Vinod K. Nevatia (ITAT Mumbai) Primarily, the intention with which an assessee starts his activity is the most important factor. If shares are purchased from own funds, with a view to keep the funds in equity shares to earn considerable return on account of enhancement in the value of share over a period then…

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