Friday, July 9, 2010

Even exempt income is taxable under MAT / s.115JB

Even exempt income is taxable under MAT / s.115JB

Rain Commodities vs. DCIT (ITAT Hyderabad Special Bench)


The assessee credited its P&L A/c with an amount of Rs. 149.77 crores being the profit on sale of assets to its wholly owned subsidiary. As the said profits were not chargeable to tax u/s 47(iv), the assessee took the view that the same had also to be reduced from the "book profits" u/s 115JB. The Special Bench had to consider whether exempt income could be excluded from the computation of "book profits" u/s 115JB. HELD deciding against the assessee:


(i) The AO can alter the "book profit" only in two circumstances (a) if the P&L A/c is not drawn up in accordance with Parts II & III of Schedule VI to the Companies Act or (b) If accounting policies & standards, method & rate of depreciation have been incorrectly adopted for preparation of the P & L A/c. Except for the said two cases, the AO has no power to alter the net profit shown in the P&L A/c. Under (a), the AO cannot disturb the Net Profit shown by the assessee where there are no allegations of fraud or misrepresentation but only a difference of opinion as to whether a particular amount should be properly shown in the P&L A/c or Balance sheet;


(ii) Parts II & III of Schedule VI to the Companies Act do not permit the exclusion of capital gain from the P & L A/c. The P & L A/c is required to disclose every material feature including credits or receipts and debits or expenses in respect of non-recurring transactions or transactions of an exceptional nature including capital profits (Veekaylal Investments 249 ITR 597 (Bom) followed). Items referred to in the Notes are a part of the P&L A/c (Sain Processing221 CTR 493 (Del) followed;


(iii) The assessee had included the said capital gains in the P & L A/c and it was not its' case that same was not includible. The fact that the capital gains was exempt u/s 47(iv) does not mean it can be excluded from the "book profit" because no such exclusion was permitted under the Explanation to s. 115JB. The taxability of capital gain is relevant only for the purpose of computation of income under the normal provisions and has nothing to do with the computation of "book profits". {N.J. Jose & Co 217 CTR 479 (Ker) (capital gains exempt u/s 54E) followed};


(iv) The argument that as s. 115JB (4) provides that "save as otherwise provided in this section all other provisions of the Act shall apply" does not mean that the exemption provisions of s. 47(iv) can be read into s. 115JB. This only means that while the computation has to be as per s. 115JB, anything over and above that will be subject to other provisions of the Act. Frig Sales4 SOT 376 (Mum) overruled);


(v) Accordingly, in the absence of any provision for exclusion of exempted capital gain in the computation of book profit u/s 115JB, the assessee is not entitled to the exclusion claimed.


Note: Though the SB observed that it was not necessary for it to dwell upon a situation where the assessee has directly credited the profit on sale of asset to a reserve Account, it referred with approval to Bombay Diamond Co 33 DTR 59 where even profits not credited to the P&L A/c were held includible in Book Profits. Growth Avenue approved. Sutlej Cotton Mills 45 ITD 22 (Cal) (SB) which held that exempt capital gains had to be reduced from book profits was held not to be good law.



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