Wednesday, March 2, 2011

Transfer Pricing: CUP method is preferable to TNMM


Clear Plus India Pvt Ltd vs. DCIT (ITAT Delhi)


The assessee sold automobile wipers to its associated enterprise and claimed that as per the "Comparable Uncontrolled Price" (CUP) method, the transactions were at arms' length basis. The TPO rejected the CUP method on the basis that the comparability of controlled and uncontrolled transactions was not established with certain degree of reasonableness and accuracy and that the conditions prevailing in the market were not established to be identical. The TPO adopted the TNMM and directed that an adjustment be made by adopting the mean profit of comparables. This was confirmed by the DRP. On appeal, HELD:


(i) U/s 92C read with Rule 10B, the most appropriate method has to be applied for determination of arm's length price. In principle, the CUP method (the traditional transaction method) is preferable to the other methods because all other things being equal, the CUP and traditional transactional methods lead to more reliable results vis-a-vis the results obtained by applying transaction profit method (UCB India 121 ITD 131 and Serdia Pharmaceuticals followed);


(ii) For the CUP method, the focus is on the market in which the products are sold by the assessee and any unique feature of the market in which assessee is situated is of no importance in relative terms. As the goods were sold by the assessee as well as the competitive Chinese manufacturers in the USA market, the market conditions in the territory of sale were the same. The buyer in the USA market will be more concerned with quality and price rather than economic conditions prevailing in China and India (SNF (Australia) Pty. Ltd. Vs. COT (2010) FCA 635 referred to);


(iii) As regards the comparability of the products the assessee has to provide the sale data of the AE in terms of sale price of Chinese and assessee's goods in the USA market and quantitative data of purchase of Chinese and Indian wipers by the AE and the terms of payment and the AO shall compute the arm's length price using this data on CUP method.


Note: For more on transfer pricing law, see Transfer Pricing Implications Of Business Restructuring by Multi Nationals


Related Judgements
Serdia Pharmaceuticals (I) Pvt Ltd vs. ACIT (ITAT Mumbai) On merits, the CUP method is the `most appropriate method' to determine the arm's length price in the cases of generic drug manufacturers so long as comparables are available. As the API imported by the assessee was a generic drug and not patent protected, the CUP method could be…


Philips Software vs. ACIT (ITAT Bangalore) (4 MB) The AO/TPO have to satisfy and communicate to the taxpayer which one of the four conditions prescribed in s. 92C (3) are satisfied before applying the transfer pricing provisions and the failure to demonstrate this to the assessee renders the transfer pricing order void


Intel Asia Electronics Inc vs. ADIT (ITAT Bangalore) The CUP method for determining the ALP is suitable when goods of a similar type are sold by independent enterprises. In an isolated transaction of sale of the PE as a `going concern' to the AE, there are no similar comparable independent transactions available for comparison. In order to…


Posted in All Judgements, Tribunal |


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